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Online Hypnosis Lesson 4: Procrastination Hesitation Elimination

Hypnosis Training:  Learn Hypnosis Online

 

Hypnosis Lesson 4

"The Procrastination Blaster!"

 

 

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One of the biggest barriers to getting what we want in life is a phenomenon we hypnotists call.

"Resistance"

The causes of resistance are many.

The symptoms of resistance are pretty easy to spot.

Procrastination and Hesitation

And Just like there are two kinds of beliefs that we have.

Those we know about, and  those we don't know about.

Resistance also has two types

Conscious and Unconscious.

Over the past 20 years I've researched and  studied many different sciences and forms of influence all for one primary purpose

Removing and Eliminating  Resistance

...and Gaining Compliance

That study has led me to  some interesting places.

But I digress...

Resistance Category One:

Conscious Resistance: conscious resistance happens whenever we percieve a threat to any one of three areas.

1. Identity - How We See Ourselves

2. Image - How We Think Others
Will Perceive Us.

3. Personal Ideology - We recoil from  and resist any influence  that contradicts what we know to be right  and/or true in our world.

But there is another more sneaky and underhanded form of resistance that creeps in and undermines our efforts even when we WANT The
Change.

This Form of Unconscious Resistance is Called

"Reactance."

And quite honestly,

It's the one MOST Responsible for You Not Getting What You Want.

Reactance Occurs Any Time you Perceive A Threat To you Sense of Personal Autonomy.

In other words...

Personal Freedom and Choice

The moment we sense ANY kind  of influence, whether it is good for us,or not, that we did not ask for...

...and even some we do ask  for

WE Instinctively Fight Back Against That Influence...

... Even if That Influence is  Coming from OURSELVES.

Bet I Got Your Attention With That One, Didn't I?

You see most of the things we want in life require discipline and action to achieve.

Now, one one level that just makes sense.

But...

... To the Most Primal And Primitive Part of Us.

The Reptile Brain, The Deep Unconscious Mind.

Discipline = Pain

Discipline = Loss of Freedom

Discipline = Change and Change Is  Different From What  is Familiar

Familiar = Safe

Different = Danger

Your reptile brain:

moves away from pain and  towards pleasure.

-  Towards What is Familiar  and Away From What is Different.

Towards Freedom and Away From  Captivity

And When We Sense Change Is Being  IMPOSED On US...

Then Mentally We engage in one of  Three Possible Reptilian Responses

- We Flee -

- We Freeze

- We Fight Back

Here is where things get "Weird"

We Can Actually Do This To Our Selves, and Often Do.

We Unconsciously Screw Ourselves Up By Turning  "Want To's"  into "Have To's"

You see anything we WANT to do Has a PLEASURE REWARD Connected to it,

and When we talk to ourselves about it...

We automatically use certain Types of "hypnotic" language.

The Language Patterns We Use  On Ourselves

- Create A Desire for Pleasure

- The Motivation is Perceived as   Internally Generated

- and is Perceived By Our  Unconscious Mind As An Act of Free Will and Choice.

But...

This is where it gets really weird.

There is a circuit or a "Switch that often occurs in the average person.

Whereby, When we talk to ourselves about certain activities,

Even those we say we want.

We Turn them from "Want To's" Into "Have To's"

The moment we "unconsciously switch from "Want To" Language To "Have To" Language..

The perceived direction of motivation shifts from

-  Internal To External

-  Pleasure To Pain

-  From Free Will To Coercion

And BANG!

Instant Reactance, Resistance, and Ultimately ...Procrastination and Hesitation.

Reactance Forms the Back bone of most failed New Years Resolutions

- Diets, and Weight Loss

- Fitness Programs,

- Budgeting and Saving Money

- and Just about Any Household
Chore.

Resistance and Reactance Are The Major Players that Can And WILL Stop You From ACTIVATING The Other Laws of Attraction  IF You Don't Blast Them Out of  Your Mind IMMEDIATELY.

... And Keep Them Out.

And That's Exactly What Today's FREE HYPNOSIS LESSON Is All About...

How To Blast Procrastination and Hesitation Right Out Of Your Life And Begin Taking Instant Action Toward Getting The Things You
Want In Life.

This Relatively Unknown butt Devastatingly Effective Was Developed By The U.S.S.R.  As Part of Their Top Secret Mental Training Program
For Their Special Forces and Elite Olympic Athletes.

It's Amazingly Effective and Easy To Apply.

 

If you like this lesson please give us some good likes and shares

And When You Are Ready To Take Your Life, And Your Hypnosis Skills To The Next Level.

I highly recommend you check out my Newly Released: STEALTH: Hidden Laws of Attraction Here:

It's Changing Lives Daily!

But I can't keep the course available at this low price for very long...

... And its Fully Guaranteed To Work For You Or You Get Your Entire Investment Back and You Get To Keep The Course For FREE.

If you are serious about Mastering The Power of Your Mind To Get Everything You Want In Life...

...This is the Shortest, Most Direct Route between
where you are and where you want to be.

Grab It While You Still Can:
http://www.realworldhypnosis.com/stealthloa1

Your Friend,

David

PS: The Deadline For Real World Hypnosis  LIVE
Hypnotherapy Certification Boot  Camp HALF OFF
Early Bird Discount

EXPIRES SOON!  

Wednesday, June 1,2016

11:59 PM

(If You Have Questions Call Me at 858-947-8382)

If you would like to learn our Complete  System of Unstoppable Hypnosis  and Hypnotherapy Skills That  Gives You The Power To Instantly Hypnotize  Anyone Any Time For Any Reason...   Then You Need Jump In Right Now.

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Before They  Are Gone:

 

 

 Transcripts Below:

Hypnosis Training:

Learn Hypnosis Online Lesson 4 - The Procrastination Blaster

David Snyder

0:01

so the next any authors more you guys here a minute

0:04

start taking action

0:21

now the whole process power actually map out the whole

0:23

silo we start with universal solvent

0:27

which is another general negativity clearing now we go to great room

0:31

they would go to Magic Frame them

0:35

man we would go to to cause power was that already

0:41

and know if you re I'll pillars of power

0:45

and would-be I what's the thorny

0:49

will be turning

0:53

and this week on the identity by design process

0:58

so we've shown you

1:03

rare own we've shown you the building block

1:06

are pillars a power which is the narrow semantic

1:11

energetic repairing are you just say energy spending

1:15

101 back motion released any

1:18

when it went off magic frame is a specific negativity clinic site is also

1:22

a blind technique

1:23

it's used for the stuff that didn't come out I'm during the general negative

1:28

incurring if there is anything sometimes Joe negativity clear

1:31

clear picture although and has more than your linguistic and I'll P style

1:35

approach to it still don't own a company parameters

1:38

%uh a trance state Korea hypnotic induction

1:41

but doesn't have to be song as you've got engagement the body

1:45

and the mind can create powerful changes with that won't go into it

1:49

too deeply here tempted just to give you an idea that there's a whole string the

1:53

processes

1:54

are going I'm giving you some choice cuts that you go out play with the Stars

1:57

getting some big leverage with right away with doing clients only doing it

2:01

for yourself

2:02

I next release not even on this time

2:08

are not even in the street missile but it's one that everybody seemed to really

2:12

and I talked about it they're releasing them groove on its but destroying

2:15

procrastination and hesitation we've actually got to the following this line

2:19

one is called the Autonomous the others called the procrastination last

2:35

really start with om both these two

2:39

something very very specific you the

2:42

reverse your motivation know what I mean by that

2:47

we have two kinds of things that we have to admit that we deal with things we

2:50

have to do

2:51

are must do and think we want to do as a rule human nervous system use anything

2:57

that must be done

2:58

as painful it's important

3:04

anything that must be done

3:07

is painful even if it's a pleasurable think we have to do it

3:12

we view it is pain tank becomes important

3:16

it use anything we want to do

3:20

as pleasurable can

3:25

a reptile runs away from pain

3:28

and towards pleasure so the trip becomes

3:33

was on track to process how do we turn

3:37

are must dues into want to use pretty cool

3:46

now

3:53

8 somebody's really emotionally expressive that I can play

3:56

you in

4:04

notice how much to ask for volunteers love it okay

4:13

much choice a RBI pigment be

4:17

who okay here's why why don't you pick something on a scale of 0 to 10

4:21

10 being the most the thing you're avoiding most in

4:25

0 being something you're not winning it all I want to examine it around a1 or a2

4:29

its phase

4:35

brings thing like seven tank about that

4:39

and i got really think okay

4:44

gotta okay here's what I want to do this technique is called the procrastination

4:49

blaster

4:49

in your mind yours I want to do

4:53

is I want you to begin to tell yourself

4:57

over over again I must do

5:00

X and must do X must do X

5:04

and as European over and over and over again

5:08

I want you to increase the emotional intensity and quite emotional

5:12

amplitude I must do this I must do this

5:16

maybe you don't want to do it he just keeps amplifying whatever feelings

5:19

you're having

5:20

ok if you don't want that I must do this and what a feeling rebellious at times

5:24

as when it reaches its climax when it reaches its emotional crescendo you

5:28

didn't do not want to do it

5:29

take a deep breath blow it out

5:33

drop everything become as impassive an indifferent as you can

5:37

go completely

5:42

when she say to yourself over and over again

5:48

different kinda way I don't want

5:51

I don't want to want

5:57

you to increase the emotional intensity

6:00

over and over an ovary

6:03

and when it absolutely reaches its peak

6:07

I don't want to home committee breath

6:12

let it go just sit still quietly for a while

6:18

begin to notice a voice begins to well up in your mind

6:23

it might even start to say something like want to

6:27

litigating louder and louder

6:31

and louder and when it reaches its peak when it reaches climax

6:36

you know open your eyes organizing it up and go do it

6:41

Africa Lalo

6:49

then the CDC are shipped your beer on a bus

6:53

sky

6:56

there is no the basis is that technique was called the echo magnet comes from

7:00

not

7:01

the regional on agenda training used by soviet

7:04

athletes when they swept the Olympics back and I think with the 70's or 80's

7:09

to like 30 gold medal or something like that in this very close highly

7:12

I classified top secret medal training program that was later

7:16

released by defector it's found a book called red gold

7:20

if you want to actually read the year the original process

7:24

when you do spirits when you do that shapiro cleanup

7:28

I wish to his

7:35

who'll

7:38

all along hit a little

7:44

Shopping Network little mean

7:47

if we're now happening

7:50

and and with that is

7:53

him I

7:57

his much yeah I

8:02

I was I knew that would happen but I had to make an explicit so that way

8:05

but you actually having before I set pretty cool

8:10

and already is you just let that boys play

8:14

and you'll notice as the as the in a dialogue for that particular party gets

8:17

lot now you'll get more motivated

8:19

to go do it any just just go do it

8:22

K and I i talk that day

8:26

now anything I teach you that doesn't involve a formal hypnotic process to be

8:30

your entrance

8:31

it just means that there's more conscious mind

8:34

interaction going on there if you do this process

8:38

in deepstatus an aneurysm ten times more powerful

8:44

because the filters that are modulating a return on Stranger gone

8:47

back but you can do this is just simple self program

8:52

yes accord

8:56

no I miss you getting motivated falsely

9:01

can you actually can just get 50

9:04

in

9:08

just work a price admission the

9:12

became procrastination last yr

9:17

I don't want to deprive I must do axe boo

9:21

X being whatever it is that people but not hesitating to do

9:25

and by the way it doesn't matter if it's something you're putting off

9:28

or something or you just a moment you have a momentary hesitation like maybe

9:31

you see an attractive person you wanna go talk to them

9:35

I don't want I must do this I must do this I must do this I must do this

9:42

yeah okay

9:46

next thing you do is you you completely drop this once you reach the first

9:49

YouTube you build

9:52

to a climax

9:56

and then you release it

9:59

go completely indifferent

10:05

and then just begin repeating

10:08

I don't want to

10:12

max from back in different states

10:17

and again you allow this to build to a crescendo

10:22

or climb depending on if your musical or not and then you let it go

10:29

and then you wait

10:34

for that still small voice that said

10:43

and you let that build on its own and you'll notice as that continues to build

10:48

and build and they'll tell you desire to do that thing

10:51

when it reaches its crescendo get up and do it

10:56

tank that simple that's the procrastination love

11:06

alright so I'm gonna give you one last technique

11:09

yes yes a arsenal of you that this

11:14

a smaller week was it tends to be a softer quieter voices

11:18

first heat on that stage in step 1 step 2

11:22

said step two is gonna be again used you gonna start

11:25

low level but you can let the intensity bill but you're gonna start you gonna

11:28

create a complete indifference to the task at hand

11:30

don't give a shit okay a just I don't want to

11:34

I don't want to I don't want you I want you I want to when it reaches its

11:37

emotional climax

11:40

that ago deflate and just wait

11:45

and the boys will happen on its own don't look for it

11:49

thank income now we start right but the mother taught I'm doing certain things I

11:53

will

11:54

have you have the experience before explain the mechanics of it

11:57

because as a rule on the conscious mind here's the mechanics of the process it

12:00

tries to take over the processes that have the experience

12:04

you need to have the everything I do is based on no sis

12:07

there's there's techniques in and systems are based on faith

12:11

and their systems are based on direct experience you know it

12:14

because you can't leave experienced it that's that's the world according to

12:17

David

12:19

that's why I say don't believe anything I say go do it at while Mike

12:23

with very few exceptions all lately and a lot more didactic classes

12:26

most my stuff is based on getting up rolling up your sleeves to neutrals and

12:29

get the skills

12:30

I am a skill-building kinda guy

Anti-Mind Control – Building Resistance to Unethical Persuasion and Black Hypnosis

How Do I Stop People From Using Covert Hypnosis and Mind Control Techniques on me?

You know I get that question almost as much as I get people asking me how to use covert hypnosis and mind control techniques on people. The truth is that much like learning how to defend yourself in a physical context and like many martial arts disciplines emphasize that you must learn how to fight with a particular weapon before you really know how to defend yourself against it.


I plan on doing a series of articles in the future that deals with building your defenses and strengthening your resistance to being influenced against your will. But for now here is a great ( and long) article that talks about building your resistance to un-ethical persuasion.

Enjoy and Post Your Comments

Talk to you soon..

David X.

Building Resistance: Tactics for Counteracting Manipulation and Unethical Hypnosis in Totalistic Groups

Steve K. D. Eichel, Ph.D.
Abstract
The need to develop the ability to resist influence is examined in light of the existence of totalistic groups and individuals that employ a variety of unethical manipulative techniques, including hypnosis. Relevant research in social psychology and experimental clinical hypnosis suggests that three factors may be important in developing resistance.

First, becoming acquainted with the social psychology of manipulation and attitude change will be an asset to understanding mind control. Second, having a specific knowledge of experimental and theoretical as well as practical hypnosis is also important to resistance. Third, one's fund of general information can be vital in resisting manipulation. An awareness of the limits of one's knowledge base, and a willingness to add knowledge when one is unsure of the validity of what is being said is important. Finally, specific techniques for resisting influence as it occurs are discussed.

Most hypnotists and therapists are concerned with finding ways to overcome resistance, not with ways of building it up. Yet the ability to resist influence may be an important skill to develop, especially in view of the many groups and individuals seeking to covertly modify behaviors, thoughts and feelings.

Destructive religious cults, certain "mass therapy" groups, many individuals claiming to be "psychics" and/or "spiritualists," and a wide assortment of political extremists on both the Radical Left and the Radical Right all seem to be vying for our attention, if not our hearts and minds.

The equating of hypnosis with "mind control" or "thought reform" has been a misconception professional hypnosis organizations have been combating for years; ethical practitioners do not employ hypnosis as a means of influencing people against their own self-interest. Yet the technique of using a surgeon's scalpel can be employed for harm as well as for healing.

There is ample evidence that covert hypnotic techniques can and are being used (unethically) to manipulate feelings, thoughts and perceptions—typically without the "subjects" even being aware that they are being manipulated or influenced against their "free will" (Dubrow Eichel, 1984; Dubrow Eichel & Dubrow Eichel, 1985).

It is a misconception that brainwashing always involves thugs who torture or threaten their victims, or connect them to bizarre-looking electronic equipment in order to force a marked personality change.

The Central Intelligence Agency's MK-ULTRA program, which sought to discover overt methods of mind control (including the use of electroshock, sensory deprivation and psychedelic drugs), is a case in point. The MK-ULTRA program was ultimately deemed a failure, yet it nonetheless did much to foster the "torture, technology and drugs" myth of brainwashing.

Ironically, the fact that the U.S. government could not produce a reliable technology of thought reform using these blatant methods may have created a false sense of security among the general public. After all, if the CIA experts failed to brainwash their subjects, then surely nobody else could, and the average citizen had no reason to fear being "brainwashed."

Dr. Philip Zimbardo, a Stanford University psychology professor who is perhaps the foremost American expert on the topic of social manipulation and mind control, is not so optimistic; the CIA failed to brainwash people, he claims, not because their methods were too "soft," but because they were overt, blatant, and obvious.

If force is used, people may surrender temporarily but they will often fail to "internalize" their newly acquired opinions and feelings; when no longer held captive, these subjects no longer do what they have been told. It is more effective to be subtle and covert: "you need at least an illusion of choice," according to Zimbardo, and the expert manipulator leaves people "unaware of [the manipulator's] influence" (Cunningham, 1984). In order to influence or brainwash people, the following methods work best:

§ isolate them in new surroundings apart from old friends or reference-points,

§ provide them with instant acceptance from a seemingly loving group,

§ keep them away from competing or critical ideas,

§ provide an authority figure that everyone seems to acknowledge as having some special skill or awareness,

§ provide a philosophy that seems logical and appears to answer all or the most important questions in life,

§ structure all or most activities so that there is little time for privacy or independent action or thought,

§ provide a sense of "us" versus "them,"

§ promise instant or imminent solutions to deep or long-term problems, and

§ employ covert or disguised hypnotic techniques.

Motivation is an important issue. A subject's motivation can range from loneliness and mild depression to being at a point of transition in life; from searching for spirituality, altruistic relationships or deeper meaning to impatience with or resistance to "conventional" religious or psychotherapeutic routes of discovery (Clark, Langone, Schecter, & Daly, 1981; Cunningham, 1984; Schwartz & Kaslow, 1982).

Contrary to the beliefs of many, vulnerability to mind control techniques is not a sign of psychological or intellectual weakness; there is a vast body of research that clearly demonstrates that "average" or "normal" individuals can be highly susceptible to covert attempts to influence them, and that most people are, in general, not particularly good at recognizing when their behavior has been externally manipulated (Festinger & Carlsmith, 1968; Freedman, Carlsmith, & Sears, 1974, pp. 341-375). Given enough time and the proper environment, the motivated subject is highly vulnerable to brainwashing.

What can be done to safeguard against covert manipulations, and how does one resist covert, unethical forms of hypnosis? The literature suggests that three factors may be important in developing resistance:

§ self-knowledge,

§ fund of general information, and

§ specific knowledge about the psychology of manipulation.

First, becoming acquainted with the social psychology of manipulation and attitude change will be an asset to understanding mind control. A brief summary of selected research findings in this area suggests the following:

§ Manipulators often start with making minor requests. Getting people to perform small and relatively unrisky acts now will make it more likely that they will perform larger, more difficult and riskier tasks later. Corollary: giving in now to "minor" requests that are mildly uncomfortable makes it difficult to refuse more difficult and unsettling requests in the future (Freedman, Carlsmith, & Sears, 1974, pp. 395-397).

§ Manipulators often seem unusually friendly, concerned and sincere. When people perceive that someone likes them or cares about them, they listen less critically to what is told to them and are also less apt to think negatively about the communicator (Zajonc, 1968). Corollary: "love bombing" (being made the center of attention and the target of an unusual amount of praise, affection, etc.) makes it hard to disagree or resist.

§ Manipulators do not immediately ask for agreement, they ask people to "try it" with an "open mind." Getting people to behave in a manner that is somewhat contrary to their current belief system will often result in changed attitudes (Deutsch & Krauss, 1965; Festinger & Carlsmith, 1968). That is, acting on requests to "try it before you reject it" and assurances that "you can disagree with what you are doing even as you do it" often leads to changes in belief systems, especially if the subject is not overtly rewarded (e.g., by being paid) for performing the new behavior.

§ Manipulators use group pressure. It is difficult, especially over long periods of time, to be the only one in a group to disagree (Jones & Gerard, 1967, pp. 331-386). It can be painful to feel rejected or different, and sometimes even more painful to think of oneself as someone who has trouble tolerating rejection. Hence, people conform but are not always willing to admit to themselves that they are conforming (i.e., responding to group pressure). People rationalize instead, and claim it was their "free choice" to change.

§ Manipulators do not make things easy. People actually place more value on their actions if the task to be performed is somewhat unpleasant or difficult, even if it did not need to be unpleasant or difficult (Festinger, 1957). Corollary: making a task artificially "tough" typically makes it appear more meaningful and important than it may in fact be. Having a specific knowledge of experimental/theoretical as well as practical hypnosis is also important to resistance. What are the implications of role taking in hypnosis, for example? This theory suggests that, by "pretending" to be in hypnosis, people can in fact become more suggestible and open to influence. Research on classical and "nonclassical" (e.g., Ericksonian) forms of hypnosis suggests the following:

§ It is possible to be hypnotized without being aware of the induction process. Most hypnotic phenomena, including carrying out posthypnotic suggestions, have been produced in subjects who were not aware of being in hypnosis (Erickson, Rossi, & Rossi, 1976).

§ Hypnosis begins with a shift in attention (Hilgard, 1968). Attention is normally motile. That is, it is dynamic and is relatively freely focused on a variety of events within a large perceptual field; it moves back and forth between the external (e.g., actions and events "outside" the self) and the internal (e.g., thoughts and feelings). Trance is a state that involves relatively focused, fixed or immotile attention. Corollary: anyone or anything that results in decreased motility of attention is highly likely to induce an altered state of consciousness ("trance") whether or not it is labeled "hypnosis."

§ The language of hypnosis is marked by vagueness, overgeneralizations, metaphors and abstractions. Classical inductions are not the only way to "talk hypnosis" (although they can be found in many "meditation" techniques not overtly labeled as hypnosis). Nonclassical inductions use "normal" conversation and storytelling, often directed at more than one representational system (e.g., sight, sound and touch) to shift attention, in part by activating the subject's tendency to search within him— or herself in order to find ways of relating what is being said now to experiences in the past (Bandler & Grinder, 1975). Corollary: words that sound "deep" or meaningful but feel confusing (and/or strangely calming) can induce trance outside the subject's awareness.

§ In trance, memories, fantasies, feelings and thoughts are often experienced more vividly and intensely than they are in the normal "waking" state (Hilgard, 1981). If a person is unaware of being in trance, or is unfamiliar or unconvinced of the phenomenon of hypnotic enhancement of perception, fantasy and suggestibility, then that person is likely to attribute the vividness and intensity of the trance experience to some special characteristic of the message and/or communicator. That is, the person links his/her feelings of intensity with what has been said or who has said it, not with how (i.e., hypnotically) it was said. The message is therefore experienced as "more real" or "more true" than other messages, and the communicator of the message is endowed with extraordinary (or even supernatural) characteristics or skills.

§ Hypnosis involves powerful transference. The induction process involves establishing and utilizing rapport, and hypnosis is perhaps first and foremost an interpersonal process (Fromm, 1979). Most subjects, after being hypnotized, feel closer, more trusting, and more positively about their operator than before. It is always more difficult to objectively assess someone (or what that someone says) after a powerful transference relationship has developed.

§ Hypnosis involves the suspension of "normal" logic. Trance logic is characterized by, among other things, lack of criticalness and the ability to hold two contradictory beliefs as true without one canceling out the other (Orne, 1959). Thus, in trance one can have the sensation of cold and still be aware of being seated in a warm, heated room. Corollary: in trance, people can accept notions or ideas that they would otherwise reject because they contradict other beliefs known to be based in reality. For example, the members of one Hindu-based cult believe that the space program is a hoax and yet may listen to and accept weather reports based on satellite pictures.

One's fund of general information (e.g., philosophy, comparative religion and history) can be vital in resisting manipulation. Perhaps more important, however, is an awareness of the limits of one's knowledge base, and a willingness to add knowledge when one is unsure of the validity of what is being said. For example, a new form of so-called psychotherapy might claim to be "the modern science of mental health." What makes a discipline a "science?" In part, it is the acceptance and utilization of a very specific method of inquiry that has uniform steps for positing hypotheses and validating them. What are these steps? When these steps are not followed, what risks to validity are usually encountered? What is the "scientific method?" If uncertain, one should seek the answers to these questions before accepting any claim as being "scientific." Similarly, groups or individuals may claim that their beliefs and/or practices are based on scriptural passages, history, research or other literature with which one is unfamiliar; before accepting anything else said, it is wise to check these references for their accuracy. In addition, the following steps might be helpful:

§ "Paraphrase other peoples' thoughts both aloud and to yourself to see if you're understanding clearly." Dr. Zimbardo and his associate, Susan Andersen, recommend that if a message, book or lecture is difficult to understand, repeating the central points in one's own words might help (Andersen & Zimbardo, 1980). Ask questions. If the answer is equally or more puzzling, a mental "beware" alarm should sound. The same alarm should go off if the answer is something like "well, you will understand more later" or "of course you can't understand now, you're too [nonspiritual, unenlightened, intellectual, ignorant, materialistic, rigid, unaware, unconnected with your feelings, etc.]."

§ Do not relate personal experiences, thoughts or feelings, or make any kind of confession that may be harmful should the information be released, Anderson and Zimbardo (1980) warn. Confidentiality is not automatic: nonlicensed/noncredentialed therapists and their clients may not come under the protection of state doctor-patient confidentiality laws. Groups or individuals that pressure people to reveal personal information may be acting unethically.

§ Put off any and all decisions until after the group experience is over, and then decide only after obtaining other information or consulting with trusted confidants.

§ Outside interests and social contacts are vital, state Zimbardo and Anderson, and any group that makes an overt or subtle appeal to sever these bonds should be rejected. These outside sources are usually instrumental in providing reality-oriented feedback, and in helping to maintain a sense of personal continuity (i.e., a sense of knowing "where I came from").

§ Any group or individual that arouses guilt to an uncomfortable level should be carefully checked out and probably avoided.

§ Have at least one good friend who is a "natural born" skeptic or critic. Or, if in a possible mind control situation already, seek out known "doubters" within that group. Put off feeling guilty about doubts for a day or two; discuss doubts now.

§ Seek outside information before joining or making a commitment to a group. This may be the single most important guideline to follow. Read or listen to critical arguments. If the group claims to be a religion, speak to nonmember clergy or contact the local university's theology department or divinity school and ask about it; if it claims to be a therapy or self-awareness group, contact the local or state Psychiatric or Psychological Association and ask for information, references and research on the group and/or the methods it uses. If the group seems like it might be cultic, contact the American Family Foundation (phone: 941-514-3081).

These organizations are responsible and can act as guides to information that may be difficult to locate on one's own. They can also usually find former members of the group in question for in-person or telephone consultation.

Become familiar with the literature on deception (some of which makes for highly entertaining reading!). The field of spiritualism and paranormal/parapsychological research has been so riddled with deception and fraud that the Parapsychological Association itself has formerly admitted to the need for "fraud checks." A number of professional magicians, most notably James Randi ("The Amazing Randi") have made careers out of debunking fraudulent and shoddy research on the paranormal, and have exposed the deceptive tactics employed by scores of well-known "psychics."

The Parapsychological Association now recommends that scientists consult magicians when designing experiments to test for psychic and spiritualistic abilities, in large part because scientists are not particularly better than the average person at seeing through deceptions.

Finally, self-knowledge—the ability to (with some objectivity) observe and reflect on one's own behavior—and a sense of humor about oneself and others allows for greater independence in general, and increased freedom of thought in particular.

Most cults discourage self-reflective thought (it is too "intellectual," "egotistical," "nonspiritual," "negative," and/or "selfish") in favor of "feeling" or "listening to the heart." In contrast, nontotalitarian groups are characterized by open questioning of authority and leadership.

Think back to situations in which you have felt pressured or covertly influenced. How did it feel? In retrospect, what were some possible warning signals:

Think back to situations in which you have felt pressured or covertly influenced. How did it feel? In retrospect, what were some possible warning signs (e.g., disorientation, confusion, anxiety, guilt, sadness, embarrassment) that a deception was about to occur? These signs can be "warning bells" to protect against future deceptions.

What is intimacy? What does it mean to be a friend? Do true and lasting friendships come instantly, or are they built, sometimes in struggle and/or pain? What is love? When is love unconditional? Is it possible to be completely open, or to love instantly, or completely, or equally? Think back to the past in order to begin to answer these questions.

Be familiar with trance experience; know what hypnosis feels like and experience a variety of inductions. Again, these feelings can serve as an "early warning system," as clues that one has been in hypnosis. Hypnosis can then serve as an alternative explanation for "mystical" or "psychic" experiences that may have been manipulated. No two people feel exactly the same under hypnosis; everyone has a unique response.

Recall previous experiences with deception (e.g., magic shows). Be aware that people are in general easily fooled, and that most if not all "supernatural powers" are easily reproduced by magicians/illusionists.

The world is full of mysteries, but what seems to be impossible to explain does not necessarily mean it cannot be explained by conventional logic or "mundane" science. Remember how impossible many magic tricks appear to be!

What if the magician claimed to be a prophet, and that his "powers" were in fact "gifts from God" and thus proof of divine status? Absurd, perhaps, but it is the rare mystic or cult leader who can perform more than the most basic "mind reading" tricks, yet they continue to attract followers who are convinced of their guru's "divine nature."

Conclusions
With the advent of electronic mass media and telecommunications, we are experiencing an explosive escalation in the amount of information that is available at any given moment.

Moreover, this information is available instantaneously at the turn of a dial or the flick of a switch, and it is typically available in great amounts. In communications, we know that with every increase in the volume and flow of information, there is a subsequent increase in the transmission of "noise" ("information" that is erroneous, irrelevant or simply invalid). As consumers of ever-increasing amounts of information, we will be hard-pressed to tune out the "noise" in order to receive and integrate that information that is in fact "meaningful."

While the systematic use of manipulative communication and social coercion ("brainwashing") has existed for thousands of years, a number of factors have in the past few decades converged to forge, for the first time ever, mass-marketed, readily-available and, in many cases, highly lucrative technologies of conversion.

If, as many researchers now suggest, we consider heightened suggestibility to be the central phenomenon underlying the construct "hypnosis," then any technique or tool that, as a direct or indirect result of its employment, results in increased suggestibility can be thought of as "hypnotic." As our understanding of hypnotic communication and our ability to subtly influence behavior increases, it may become the obligation of the professional persuader (the hypnotist, the psychotherapist) to assist clients to develop their resistance to manipulative groups and individuals.

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This article first appeared in Suggestion: The Journal of Professional & Ethical Hypnosis, 1, (Summer 1985), pp. 34-44. It is reprinted with permission of the author.